Exploring Different Types of Project Managers Across Various Industries

13 min read
Project Management

 Discover the different types of project managers that exist. Learn about their primary roles and choose the type that matches your career.

Businesses are shifting their practices to meet the ever-changing global market and project managers help you overcome these drastic changes. The role of a project manager isn’t confined to a single job description; instead, it serves as an umbrella term, encompassing diverse professionals who proficiently navigate projects with their leadership quality and strategic acumen. As a heartbeat of successful initiatives, project managers play a pivotal role in shaping organizational projects. 

According to the Project Management Institute report, more than a third of projects in North America fail and a similar number suffer from scope creep – uncontrolled or abrupt changes. These statistics underscore the significance of project managers in the vast and dynamic realm of project management. Moreover, project manager comes in various types, each playing an important role in the success of an organization. In this blog, we unravel the intricacies of project management, shedding light on different project manager types and their roles and responsibilities. 

General Roles and Responsibilities of Project Manager

Before exploring the different types of project managers, you must know the general roles, responsibilities, and methodologies. 

  • A project manager organizes, plans, and implements projects while meeting budgets and time limitations. 
  • They are responsible for defining project success criteria and ensuring that the project is going systemically and according to the shared plan. 
  • The position has also the role of evaluating other team performances and ensuring each team member is working right on a project. 
  • Moreover, they also gather requirements, deliverables, priorities, and timelines from the stakeholders. 
  • They make performance metric reports and troubleshoot issues that arise. 

Types of Approaches and Methodologies Used by Project Managers

A project management approach or methodology is a set of principles and practices that explain how the project is tackled. The project manager uses different methodologies or approaches depending on the needs and outcomes. 

4 Types of Project Managers According to Leadership Styles

Every human on earth has different personalities, some traits might correspond but how they tackle a situation is different. The same goes with the project manager. Every project manager has a different personality, leadership style, and fortitude to complete a project. According to the Harvard Business Review, four types of project managers emerged based on leadership styles. 

  • Executor: As the name suggests, the executor finds out the best opportunity and executes it. This type of project manager pursues business opportunities that fall within the company’s current strategy and have great cases. The executor implements a reliable strategy that is backed by quantitative evidence. In simpler words, this type of project manager is best when there is no risk, no uncertainty, and no obstacle just needs to execute a reliable plan. 
  • Expert: The expert type is a geek who focuses on analytics and implements a strategy based on facts and advice. Usually, these types of project managers are used on inconsistent projects that demand assistance at every phase and are backed by solid evidence and approaches. Moreover, these can be relied on to make decisions that come out accurately and align with the goals. The expert can think out of the box and pursue opportunities outside of the current strategies. 
  • Prophet: The prophets are generally trendsetters and make a way of their own. They might not pursue opportunities that lie with the company’s current strategy and implement strong strategies that have a long-term vision and are useful in seeing new growth opportunities. They pursue strategic boundaries in an area where it is difficult to obtain the desired outcomes and the success rate is very low. They work by trusting their guts and vision. These types of project managers are vital for risky and long-term projects. 
  • Gambler: As the name suggests, this type works by playing gamble – not in money but in project management strategies. They stay within the company’s current strategies that lie within the boundaries but might not be able to foretell the future outcomes and success of the project due to a lack of data and insights. They might not predict but can bet on and find new growth opportunities that were deliberately unnoticed by analysis.

Read more: Explore 9 Best Risk Management Tools and Techniques for 2024

Types of Project Management

Different Types of Project Managers Across Industries (Career-Wise)

The project manager has a primary role almost in every industry. Though they have the same working principle – completing of project, how they handle the intricacies of a project might differ. If you’re embarking on a journey in project management, you will have various career options as a project manager. Below are the different types of project manager jobs you can consider:

1. Technical/IT Project Manager

IT project managers are responsible for looking out for an organization’s IT department and are tasked with planning IT projects within the company and keeping track of every stage of the process. IT project managers oversee a project until it reaches the final stages and evaluate changes in the project for further prospects. 

Educational Requirements: As an IT project manager, you must have a bachelor’s degree or higher in information technology, computer science, or any related field. Moreover, having a project management certification is a plus for getting a job in a top-notch company. 

2. Electrical Project Manager

Generally, electrical project managers oversee electrical projects within an organization. They are responsible for managing and contributing to all aspects of electrical tasks and allocating responsibilities to the electrical manager. The electrical project manager plans, directs, and supervises projects for construction. Moreover, they also oversee the full scope of the projects and develop project budgets. 

Educational Requirement: To work as an electrical project manager, you must have a degree in electrical engineering or a related field. Moreover, previous managerial experience is vital for this position and a certification is considered as a plus. 

3. Construction Project Manager

Construction project managers are in charge of planning and overseeing specific building projects from their onset to the end. This type of project manager works closely with architects and engineers to balance the project’s cost, keep track of supplies, review designs, and create a streamlined schedule for project completion. Moreover, the construction project manager is responsible for all the administrating activities on the construction site as well as making sure that safety guidelines are being obeyed by all the workers. 

Educational Requirements: To work in this position, you must have a bachelor’s or higher degree in architecture, engineering, or other related field.

4. Systems Project Manager

A system project manager formulates objectives and requirements essential for the system development projects. They are responsible for planning, designing, executing projects, and discussing findings with departmental executives to determine if there is any need to change to advance the project and ensure continuous maintenance. 

Educational Requirement: The System Project Manager requires you to have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, IT, or a related field. This role requires to have experience working with computer operating systems and an understanding of large-scale business operating systems.

5. Marketing Project Manager

As the name suggests, the marketing project manager is responsible for managing a marketing team and department. Their main responsibilities include developing, strategizing, and implementing marketing campaigns in advertising a product. They determine the resources and skills necessary to complete the marketing project, allocate work to employees, develop a budget, and ensure the completion of the project on time.

Educational Requirement: This role requires a bachelor’s degree in marketing or business management. 

6. PMO Project Manager

The project management officer is responsible for overseeing the development phases and completion of business projects. This manager ensures that the project is organized, maintained, directed, and scheduled according to the business standards. 

Educational requirement: A bachelor’s or higher degree in project management, business, or a related field is required to work as a PMO manager. 

7. Operations Project Manager

Operations project managers are responsible for tracking budgets, deadlines, and the progress of a project. The Operations project manager communicates with other employees to develop a complete plan, assisting them with challenges and sudden obstacles, and ensuring that the project is going on track as preplanned. 

Educational Requirement: Generally, an operation project manager role demands you to have a bachelor’s or master’s degree in business or a related field with good experience in this domain.

8. Manufacturing Project Manager

Manufacturing project managers’ primary duties are to ensure processes involved in manufacturing products. They keep a complete check on every step of manufacturing and ensure that the material being used is cost-effective. They oversee the product manufacturing process and track the cost versus the estimated cost.

Educational Requirement: The qualification for a career as a manufacturing project manager requires a bachelor’s or master’s degree in business, engineering, or related fields. 

Read more:  7 Topmost Project Management Certifications to Help Beginners in 2024

Market Demand and Salaries of Project Managers

The below statistics from the surveys conducted by PMI and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will help you to understand the job growth in the project management domain:

  • The project-management-related jobs in information technology, manufacturing, and construction are likely to grow by 33% by 2030.
  • The global economy will need 15 million new project managers by 2030.
  • Employment for project managers in software and IT is projected to elevate by 14% between 2020 to 2030.  
  • Additionally, PMI projects that there will be a demand of nearly 88.7 million project managers by 2027 globally.
  • The total gross domestic product (GDP) of this industry is estimated to increase from $24.7 trillion to $34.5 trillion in 2030. 

Salaries of Project Managers Across Industries

The below statistics are driven from Payscale. 

Different Types of Project Managers Average Salary
Technical/IT Project Manager $99,669
Electrical Project Manager $89,392
Construction Project Manager $80,827
Systems Project Manager $105,972
Marketing Project Manager $70,579
PMO Manager $121,739
Operations Project Manager $105,740
Manufacturing Project Manager $78,542

Project Management Salaries by Experience

Read more: PMP VS CSM

salary off project manager

Project Management Salaries by Different Job Titles

Some common job title in project management and their salaries are given below. Apart from the different types of project managers, you can also get a job for one of these positions.

Job Title Average Salary
Project Coordinator $67,403
Implementing Specialist $80,234
Business Analyst $87,980
Senior Project Manager $130,591
Implementation Manager $112,412
Senior Business Analyst $102,000
Scrum Master $108,026
Project Manager Manager $80,043

How to Become a Project Manager?

Besides attaining a basic level of education, different types of project managers require different education, experience, and certifications. However, the basic steps are the same where you can start your journey to become a project manager. 

Education: Working as a project manager requires you to have a bachelor’s degree in a related field. Moreover, some higher positions also demand a master’s or higher degree in the related field. 

Experience: Project management is a complex field and to work as a project manager you must have proven experience in this industry to handle complex situations that demand practical skills and experience. 

Certifications: Project management certifications enable you to gain advanced knowledge and upskilling in the latest practices. Several certifications are available in this project management domain such as PMP, CAPM, etc. You can choose certification according to your industry and that aligns with your job roles.

Conclusion

A project manager is the need of every organization as it holds great importance in the effective completion of any project within the given budget and timeline. Though all the project manager has the same goal – completing a project, how they strategize and implement the working principle can be different. Moreover, the roles and responsibilities of project managers vary from one industry to another. This blog has provided you with complete insights into different types of project managers across various industries that will help you navigate your interest and what type is more suitable for you. 

Frequently Asked Questions

According to the Harvard Business Review, these four types of project managers have come according to their personalities and leadership styles: Gambler, Prophet, Executor, and Expert. 

The project Manager can also call the project leader. The project leader shares the same role and responsibilities just as a project manager but the title is different. 

The project manager is responsible for overseeing a project from its start to the end. It handles all the obstacles that come with the project completion process and defines a plan and budget to complete the project within the given timeline.

These are the project managers you will find across various industries:

  • IT project manager
  • Electrical project manager
  • Manufacturing project manager
  • Marketing project manager 
  • PMO Manager
  • Construction Project Manager
  • Systems Project Manager
  • Operations Project Manager

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